Also known as vitamin B7, coenzyme R, W Factor, and vitamin H


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  8. The Potential Role of Biotin Insufficiency on Essential Fatty Acid Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease Risk. Ho, Richard C. and Cordain, Loren. [ed.] Ranjit Chandra. 8, Newfoundland: Elsevier Inc., August 2000, Nutrition Research, Vol. 20, pp. 1201-1212. DOI: 10.1016/S0271-5317(00)00201-3; ISSN: 0271-5317.
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  11. Mangels, Reed, Messina, Virginia and Messina, Mark. The Dietitian's Guide to Vegetarian Diets: Issues and Applications. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, 2011. ISBN-13: 978-0-7637-7976-4.
  12. Clinical feasibility of two-step streptavidin/111In-biotin scintigraphy in patients with suspected vertebral osteomyelitis. Lazzeri, Elena, et al., et al. [ed.] Ignasi Carrió. 11, Barcelona: Springer-Verlag, November 1, 2004, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol. 31, pp. 1505-1511. DOI: 10.1007/s00259-004-1581-2; ISSN: 1619-7070.
  13. Development of glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) autoantibody assay using biotin-GAD65 fusion protein. Luo, D., Rogers, C.N., Steed, J.T., Gilliam, L.K., Hampe, C.S., Lernmark, A. [ed.] Alf Pühler. 1, Bielefeld: Elsevier B.V., July 1, 2004, Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 111, pp. 97-104. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2004.03.009; ISSN: 0168-1656.
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  16. Verret, D.J. Patient Guide to Hair Loss & Hair Restoration. Plano: WJ Sonnier Publishing, 2009. ISBN: 978-0-578-01492-0.
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  18. Mock, Donald M. Biotin. [ed.] Maurice Edward Shils and Moshe Shike. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 10th. Baltimore; Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006, 30, pp. 498-506. ISBN: 0-7817-4133-5.
  19. Mindell, Earl and Hopkins, Virginia. Doctor Earl Mindell's The Power of MSM. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2002. ISBN: 0-658-01460-9.
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  21. Case Reports: Multiple Carboxylase Deficiency. Apte, B.N. and Tibrewala, V.N. 1, Mumbai: Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences, January 2001, Bombay Hospital Journal, Vol. 43. ISSN: 0524-0182.
  22. Low serum biotinidase activity in children with valproic acid monotherapy. Schulpis, K.H., Karikas, G.A., Tjamouranis, J., Regoutas, S., Tsakiris, S. [ed.] Timothy A. Pedley. 10, New York: Wiley-Blackwell Inc., 2001 October, Epilepsia, Vol. 42, pp. 1359-1362. eISSN: 1528-1167.
  23. Zinc and biotin deficiencies after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Yazbeck, N., Muwakkit, S., Abboud, M., Saab, R. [ed.] Pierre H. Deprez. 2, Louvain-la-Neuve: Universa Press, April-June 2010, Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica, Vol. 73, pp. 283-286. ISSN: 1784-3227.
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  26. Gittleman, Ann Louise and Castro, Ann. The Living Beauty Detox Program: The Revolutionary Diet for Each and Every Season of a Woman's Life. New York: HarperCollins, 2001. ISBN: 0-06-251627-2.
  27. Transport of Biotin in Human Keratinocytes. Grafe, Franziska, et al., et al. [ed.] Lowell A. Goldsmith. 3, Chapel Hill: Nature Publishing Group, March 2003, Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Vol. 120, pp. 428-433. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1747.2003.12058.x; ISSN: 0022-202X.
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  29. Brittle nail syndrome: A pathogenesis-based approach with a proposed grading system. Kerkhof, Peter C. M. van de, et al., et al. [ed.] Jeffrey D. Bernhard. 4, Shrewsbury: Elsevier Inc., October 2005, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vol. 53, pp. 644-651. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2004.09.002; ISSN: 0190-9622.
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  31. Intraoperative avidination for radionuclide treatment as a radiotherapy boost in breast cancer: results of a phase II study with 90Y-labeled biotin. Paganelli, Giovanni, et al., et al. [ed.] Ignasi Carrió. Barcelona: Springer-Verlag, February 1, 2010, European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, pp. 203-211. DOI: 10.1007/s00259-009-1260-4; ISSN: 1619-7070.
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  34. Effect of Avidin and Biotin in Attachment of Human Adipose Stem Cells to Micronized Acellular Dermal Matrix. Yoo, G., Rhie, J.W., Lim, J.S. [ed.] Kap Sung Oh. 1, Seoul: Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, January 2008, Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, Vol. 35, pp. 1-6. ISSN: 1015-6402.
  35. Pretargeted Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with a Novel Anti-TAG-72 Fusion Protein. Forero-Torres, Andres, et al., et al. [ed.] Robert K. Oldham and Donald J. Buchsbaum. 4, Birmingham; Key West: Mary Ann Liebert Inc, August 2005, Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals, Vol. 20, pp. 379-390. DOI: 10.1089/cbr.2005.20.379; ISSN: 1084-9785.
  36. Combined treatment of glioblastoma patients with locoregional pre-targeted 90Y-biotin radioimmunotherapy and temozolomide. Bartolomei, M., et al., et al. [ed.] Giovanni Lucignani. 3, Milan: Edizioni Minerva Medica, September 2004, The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol. 48, pp. 220-228. ISSN: 1824-4785.
  37. Pretargeted adjuvant radioimmunotherapy with yttrium-90-biotin in malignant glioma patients: a pilot study. Grana, C., et al., et al. [ed.] Robin Weiss. 2, London: Nature Publishing Group, January 21, 2002, British Journal of Cancer, Vol. 86, pp. 207-212. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6600047; ISSN: 0007-0920.
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  39. A Novel Platform for Radioimmunotherapy: Extracorporeal Depletion of Biotinylated and 90Y-Labeled Rituximab in Patients with Refractory B-Cell Lymphoma. Lindén, Ola, et al., et al. [ed.] Robert K. Oldham and Donald J. Buchsbaum. 4, Birmingham; Key West: Mary Ann Liebert Inc, August 22, 2005, Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals, Vol. 20, pp. 457-466. DOI: 10.1089/cbr.2005.20.457; ISSN: 1084-9785.
  40. Chromium picolinate and biotin combination improves glucose metabolism in treated, uncontrolled overweight to obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Albarracin, C.A., Fuqua, B.C., Evans, J.L., Goldfine, I.D. [ed.] Jesse Roth. 1, Manhasset: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., January 2008, Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, Vol. 24, pp. 41-51. DOI: 10.1002/dmrr.755; ISSN: 1520-7552.
  41. The Effect of Chromium Picolinate and Biotin Supplementation on Glycemic Control in Poorly Controlled Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blinded, Randomized Trial. Singer, Gregory M. and Geohas, Jeff. [ed.] Satish K. Garg. 6, Denver: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., December 2006, Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, Vol. 8, pp. 636-643. DOI: 10.1089/dia.2006.8.636; ISSN: 1520-9156.
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  43. Pharmacological Biotin Supplementation Maintains Biotin Status and Function in Rats Administered Dietary Carbamazepine. Rathman, Sara C., Jesse F. Gregory, III and McMahon, Robert J. [ed.] John W. Suttie. 9, Bethesda: American Society for Nutritional Sciences, September 1, 2003, The Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 133, pp. 2857-2862. ISSN: 0022-3166.
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  45. Biotin supplementation reduces plasma triacylglycerol and VLDL in type 2 diabetic patients and in nondiabetic subjects with hypertriglyceridemia. Revilla-Monsalve, Cristina, et al., et al. [ed.] Haim Tapiero, Kenneth D. Tew and Gerald Batist. 4, Châtenay-Malabry; Charleston; Montreal: Elsevier Masson SAS, May 2006, Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Vol. 60, pp. 182-185. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2006.03.005; ISSN: 0753-3322.
  46. Combination of Chromium and Biotin Improves Coronary Risk Factors in Hypercholesterolemic Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial. Albarracin, Cesar, et al., et al. [ed.] James R. Sowers. 2, Columbia: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Spring 2007, Journal of the CardioMetabolic Syndrome, Vol. 2, pp. 91-97. DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-4564.2007.06366.x; eISSN: 1559-4572.
  47. Chromium Picolinate and Biotin Combination Reduces Atherogenic Index of Plasma in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blinded, Randomized Clinical Trial. Geohas, Jeff, et al., et al. [ed.] David W. Ploth. 3, Charleston: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, March 2007, American Journal of the Medical Sciences, Vol. 333, pp. 145-153. DOI: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e318031b3c9; ISSN: 0002-9629.
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  49. Spinal Cord Demyelination Associated with Biotinidase Deficiency in 3 Chinese Patients. Yang, Yanling, et al., et al. [ed.] Roger A. Brumback. 2, Omaha: SAGE Publications , February 2007, Journal of Child Neurology, Vol. 22, pp. 156-160. DOI: 10.1177/0883073807300307; ISSN: 0883-0738.
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  51. Marginal Biotin Deficiency is Common in Normal Human Pregnancy and Is Highly Teratogenic in Mice. Mock, Donald M. [ed.] A. Catharine Ross. 1, University Park: American Society for Nutrition, January 2009, Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 139, pp. 154-157. DOI: 10.3945/jn.108.095273; ISSN: 0022-3166.
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  57. Biotin Is Endogenously Expressed in Select Regions of the Rat Central Nervous System. McKay, Bruce E., Molineux, Michael L. and Turner, Ray W. [ed.] Clifford B. Saper. 1, Boston: Wiley-Liss, Inc., May 17, 2004, Journal of Comparative Neurology, Vol. 473, pp. 86-96. DOI: 10.1002/cne.20109; eISSN: 1096-9861.
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  60. Biotin-Responsive Basal Ganglia Disease Maps to 2q36.3 and Is Due to Mutations in SLC19A3. Zeng, Wen-Qi, et al., et al. [ed.] Stephen T. Warren. 1, Atlanta: Elsevier Inc., July 2005, American Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. 77, pp. 16-26. DOI: 10.1086/431216; ISSN: 0002-9297.
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